The driving force behind the Turkish-Russian cooperation is history and geography. Historically, we have been at war several times, but geography draws us closer together. These are the factors that lay the basis for communality of interests and provide respect for and understanding of one another.
Turkey and Russia will continue to be very important actors in the Middle East and Central Asia. Russia is a major Eurasian actor. But let us not forget that Russia has been a very important European power in the past and still has a very important influence in the region.
Turkey has an important role as a Facilitator. It has ensured a platform for Caucasus stability and cooperation in the past and will continue to do so.
Monopolarity was considered in several contexts: politically, it was a convenient endeavor to try and build a system of global governance; analytically, a monopolar world was viewed as a pinnacle of human social development.
Today, we can observe two conflict cycles emerging: the first one is a confrontation between the Western countries and Russia, while the second one is a battle for leadership which includes the economic rivalry between the US and China.
The significance of middle-range regional powers is also growing these days. Countries like Poland, Romania, and Turkey are gaining more and more weight in international affairs.
The Ukrainian Crisis affects the whole world. Since day one of the conflict, Iran has been expressing serious concerns about the growing tensions. Russia's lawful interests should be taken into account, while the roots of the conflict should be thoroughly studied.
There is no certainty about the US finally leaving the Persian Gulf. But one thing is certain: the countries of the region do not find it possible anymore to trust the USA with their national security. This creates a whole other environment in the region.
Today, Afghanistan poses a serious threat to its neighbors, and that threat is a product of the US military occupation that has lasted for the past 20 years. Creating an inclusive government in Afghanistan is what is truly necessary for ensuring peace and stability.